Croatian online lessons – Genitiv case
Grammar can be dull. I know. But it is also necessary to be on good terms with it if you want to make that next step in language learning.
This is the second case that we’ll learn together and I promise I’ll try to make it easy. 🙂
Akuzativ is the first case I’ve explained so if you haven’t studied akuzativ already, you can find the explanation here. Let’s dive into genitiv case now.
Genitiv is the case that is used after many, many prepositions. If you learn the prepositions that go with genitive you’ll have done a great deal of studying already.
Let’s take a look at the endings first. I’ve made a table this time. I believe it will be easier for you to find your way around the endings when you have them all in one place. 🙂
|GENITIVE –female case||GENITIVE – masculine form||GENITIVE – neuter form|
|Basic form: Žena – žene (woman-women)
Živim pored žene (sg)/ Živim pored žena.(pl)
I live next to a woman. – I live next to women.
|Basic form: Prijatelj – Prijatelji (friend – friends) Idem kod prijatelja. – Idem kod prijatelja.
I’m going to a friend’s (place). – I’m going to friends’ (place).
|Basic form: Dvorište-Dvorišta (Courtyard – courtyards)
Ona je ispred dvorišta. – Ona je ispred dvorišta.
She is in front of a courtyard. – She is in front of the courtyards.
So here are some of the prepositions after which you always have to use genitiv form.
|Pored, pokraj – next to
Kod – at, to (e.g.: I’m going to my friend’s place)
Ispred – in front of
Poviše, iznad – above
Od – do – from-to
Bez – without
Iz – from
Između – between
Unutar – inside of
Izvan/Van – outside of
Want to know more? Let’s go!
Genitiv is also used to say there is/ isn’t or there are/aren’t.
Ima kruha. – There’s bread. (kruh – basic form)
Ima kave. – There’s coffee. (kava- basic form)
Put what you’ve learnt into practice now. Use the explanations provided above and finish these snetences with genitiv.
- If the noun ends in ‘a’ it’s female form.
- If it ends in a consonant, it’s masculine form.
- If it ends in ‘e’ or’o’ it’s neuter form.
Ima ________(šećer). – There’s sugar.
Nema _________ (brašno). – There’s no flour.
Vozim bez _________ (vozačka). – I’m driving without driver licence.
Idem kod ___________ (doktor). – I’m going to a doctor.
Ja sam kod ______ (doktor). – I’m at doctor’s.
Ona je pokraj ____________ (Ivan). – She is next to Ivan.